Vasectomy is a permanent method of birth control that is done on a man to prevent him from releasing sperm whenever he ejaculates. Men that have decided that they don’t want to have any more children (usually because they have enough kids) usually go for vasectomy.
In most cases, vasectomy is an outpatient procedure (in that you do it and leave the clinic or hospital the same day) and is usually safe. But, there are a few negative side effects that I need to inform you of so that you can make sure that you have made a proper decision if you ever decide whether to go for a vasectomy or not.
How A Vasectomy Procedure Is Done
In most cases a vasectomy is an outpatient procedure because it is straight-forward.
A doctor can even do the procedure in his office. It involves the doctor applying a local anesthetic to the genital area and once it takes effect, he makes a small incision in the left side of the scrotum.
The sperm ducts (vas deferens) that connects that testicle to the body is then tied with stitches or burned using a special device. The procedure is then done the same way to the right side of the scrotum to make it complete.
There is another type of vasectomy where an incision is not made; instead the doctor would poke a small clamp that has pointed ends into the scrotum to cut the vas deferens. The opening on the scrotum in this procedure is smaller than scalpel vasectomies (where an incision is made).
Another variation of the clamp type of vasectomy entails the use of a device called the “Vasclip”. In this scenario, the doctor inserts the device into the scrotum and the vas deferens is “clipped” with the Vasclip device – this is different from the others that either cut it or burn it off.
Since vasectomy disconnects the vas deferens, the sperm cells would NOT be able to mix with semen making the man infertile (which is what he wants).
Although the testicles would still go on producing sperm cells, the body would continually re-absorb them all (this is the same thing that happens to every man when he doesn’t ejaculate for around 74 days).
After vasectomy, the testicles still produces and secretes the hormone testosterone the way it does before the procedure.
The Negative Side Effects Of Vasectomy
Even though vasectomy is straightforward and usually safe, there are a few negative side effects that could occur so you need to be aware of them before you make the decision on getting a vasectomy or not. These negative side effects include:
1.) Probable Decrease In Libido
There are some studies that indicate that between 10 to 20 percent of the men who undergo vasectomy experience a significantly reduced level of sexual desire after they had the procedure done on them.
2.) Post-Vasectomy Pain Syndrome
A tiny percentage of men start experiencing post-vasectomy pain syndrome after undergoing this procedure.
It is an uncommon negative side effect which could be either tender epididymides pain (where a tenderness/tender pain is continuous) or orchialigia pain (where the pain only comes during activities like: thrusting during sexual intercourse, orgasm/ejaculation and physical exercise).
In some cases, nerve stripping would have to be done to provide total relief to the man experiencing this complication.
3.) Anti-sperm Antibodies May Develop Later On
This is a more common negative side effect of vasectomy. Anti-sperm antibodies occur in roughly 60 – 70 percent of men within 12 months of undergoing a vasectomy procedure. These antibodies prevent the body from reabsorbing the sperm like it is supposed to.
In a few cases, the sperm can build up pressure inside the scrotum which results in ruptures that cause sperm granulomas to form in order to absorb the sperm.
4.) Vasclip Is NOT Always Effective
As high tech as the Vasclip device may seem, there are some studies that have found out that vasectomies performed by using the Vasclip to “clamp off” the sperm ducts (vas deferens) instead of tying it with stitches or burning it off sometimes doesn’t do a good job in providing permanent birth control to a man because sperm could still squeeze in between the clamped sperm ducts during ejaculation.
5.) Semen Volume Reduces Slightly
The fluid that moves the sperm from your testes makes up roughly 10 percent of ejaculated semen volume. This is why after a man undergoes a vasectomy, there is going to be a small reduction in his semen volume (although it is not so noticeable). But other things like: taste, smell and texture would still remain the same.
6.) Sometimes Vasectomy Ends Up Being A Failed Procedure
There are very rare occasions where the ends of the sperm ducts (vas deferens) that have being tied, cut or clamped ends up reconnect and the man becomes fertile again. In other rare occasion also, one of the ends of the sperm ducts that has been cut may open and cause the sperm to start mixing with the semen fluid again… making the man fertile.
Personally, I don’t like the idea of vasectomy because it is supposed to be irreversible, but if you are thinking of undergoing this procedure at least you are now aware of the side effects that could occur after you have done it.