I am sure you already know that STD means Sexually Transmitted Diseases. And as expected every STD can be transmitted by sexual intercourse, however there are some ways that you can get these diseases without actually having sex.
The popular ones that come to mind for some people is if swimming pools or water closet seats can transfer diseases like herpes… the problem is these kinds of organisms don’t live too long on exposed surfaces.
Most STD viruses cannot survive outside the human body for too long (this is different from flu and cold organisms). This is the reason why your chances of getting an STD outside of sexual intercourse is very low (hence the diseases are called sexual transmitted), however being very low doesn’t mean that it isn’t possible to contract an STD outside of sexual intercourse.
So here are some of the ways that you can get an STD that doesn’t include actual sexual intercourse:
1.) Oral Sex
I am sure you were expecting this one. When it comes to STDs like syphilis, herpes and gonorrhoea, oral sex carries risks just like regular penetrative sex – and it doesn’t matter whether you are the one receiving it or giving.
Although it is a bit hard to contrast the risks of contracting particular STDs from the types of sex, going by what the United States CDC (Centre for Disease Control) says: the risks of contracting HIV from oral sex (getting or giving) is considerably lower than contracting the HIV from vaginal or anal sex with women that are infected. Common knowledge is that anal sex carries the highest risks among vaginal, anal and oral sex.
You can protect yourself by using condoms when you are receiving oral sex and using dental dams when you are giving oral sex to a woman.
Razors are NOT meant to be shared – in case you don’t know this already.
A lot of STD organisms (like the viruses that cause hepatitis C and AIDS) can be transmitted by blood stains on a razor. Although the chances are extremely low because these pathogens don’t survive for too long outside the body, the chances are still there and you should be careful not to use another person’s shaving razors.
3.) Getting A Tattoo
I am guessing you are in Nigeria just like me and as you know tattoo outlets here don’t have any strict regulations by health authorities… in fact most state governments don’t even recognise them as a real business.
Now, that said, if you want to get a tattoo make sure you go to a high brow outlet where you know the prices are on the high side… the cheaper road side ones are more likely to reuse the needles for the tattoo machines since they do it cheap. Infected tattoo needles puts you are risks of HIV and hepatitis C.
If you are a drug user (where you use needles), you are have an increased chance of getting an STI (Sexual Transmitted Infection) – not just hepatitis C or HIV.
Actually there was a study conducted by research scientists from University of Florida on drug users and STDs and it found out that intravenous drug users are almost 100% more likely to get an STD than individuals who do NOT use injection drugs.
The research study goes further and explains that intravenous drug users are likely to take bigger and more risks when it comes to sex and they are usually friends with other users like them which increase their chances of having sex with infected people. This in most cases is the reason why they have such high HIV infection and STD risk than the normal population.
The kind of STD you can get is of the lesser type… it is called oral herpes (herpes simplex 1) and it is not even regarded as a STD for most times. This type can be passed by kissing alone.
However if you and your partner have cuts or sores on your mouths you can get this STD and even other ones. This is something that a lot of doctors don’t really stress because the risks are a lot lower than regular sex (which is how 99% of STDs are acquired).
6.) Dry Sexual Intercourse
Dry sex is also known as dry humping. In this scenario you don’t penetrate your woman; you just keep rubbing your genitals. Apparently this act carries the same risks as actual sexual intercourse according to the United States Centre for Disease Control.
And even if you do it with your underwear on, and your lover had syphilis sore that is open, by rubbing your penis on her genitals, it can still lead to you getting infected.
Now you know the other ways STIs and STDs can be transmitted… do everything to protect yourself and stay safe!